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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-32

Nutritional status of growth faltered children aged 0-6 years in rural Rangareddy district

1 Department of Community Medicine, MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences, Ghanpur (V), Medchal Mandal, RR District, India
2 MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences, Ghanpur (V), Medchal Mandal, RR District, India

Correspondence Address:
G Enakshi
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences, Ghanpur (V), Medchal Mandal, RR District - 501 401
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Source of Support: This study was supported financially by the ICMR under STS-2011 Grant., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2277-8632.94172

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Background: Malnutrition continues to affect children aged 0-6 years in large numbers in India. Many of these children lack proper nutrition at birth and in early childhood, which results in growth faltering. Growth monitoring is a good tool for visualization of growth in children, but episodes of growth faltering among healthy as well as malnourished children has failed to catch the attention of the Anganwadi workers so far. Objectives: (1) To assess the magnitude of growth faltering among 0-6 years children in an adopted village of MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences (MIMS) and (2) To study their nutritional status. Materials and Methods: A large village in the field practice area of MediCiti Institute of Medical Sciences was conveniently selected. All children enrolled in three Anganwadis of the village were studied for growth faltering episodes and breast-feeding and dietary practices by interviewing their mothers through a predesigned and pre-tested proforma. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Data was analyzed using Epi Info Version 3.5.3. Results: Sixty growth-faltered children were analyzed. The mean number of episodes of growth faltering was 1.13 episodes per child and 10% children's growth had faltered on more than one occasion. Most of them belonged to poor socio-economic status. Late initiation of breast-feeding was present in about 55% of these children, and they showed an overall dietary calorie and protein deficit. About 47% of the children were underweight, 57% were stunted, and 25% were wasted. Conclusion: Growth of children aged 0-6 years may be improved by focusing on breast-feeding and nutrition. Further research is required to establish the correlates of growth faltering.

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