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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 272-275

Is cashew nut shell liquid a causative factor for oral submucous fibrosis?. A study among cashew nut industrial workers

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sathyabama Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vivekanandha Dental College for Women, Namakkal, Thiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vijayakumar Anu
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sathyabama University Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Cashew nut shell liquid contains 90% anacardic acid and 10% cardol. This liquid when comes in contact topically is said to have deleterious effects both orally and systemically. Aim: The present cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) among 600 cashew nut industrial workers in Kanyakumari district. Materials and Methods: Demographic data and tobacco habits were assessed using pretested questionnaire. Ranganathan K clinical grading system was used to examine OSMF. The data were assessed using SPSS version 11.5. Results: The overall prevalence of OSMF among the study population was 0.002%. Conclusion: The observation from this study clearly indicates that safe working environment prevents occupational hazards.

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