Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 186--192

Refractive errors and spectacle compliance among truckers in India


S G Prem Kumar, Asitkumar Jadhav, Sweta Patel, Pankaj Vishwakarma, Sabitra Kundu, Elizabeth Kurian 
 Mission for Vision, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S G Prem Kumar
Mission for Vision, Office 45, Maker Chamber VI, 220 Jamnalal Bajaj Marg, Nariman Point, Mumbai - 400 021, Maharashtra
India

Introduction: Reliable data on eye health among Indian truckers are scanty. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of refractive errors and the subsequent long-term spectacle compliance and suggest appropriate strategies to improve these in this population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2017 and March 2018 among truckers. Gross ophthalmologic examination was performed, including visual acuity and refraction. Six months to one-year post provision of spectacles, follow-up with truckers was undertaken to understand the spectacle usage patterns and its compliance. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square tests were conducted to assess the association between the type of refractive errors, spectacle compliance, and select sociodemographic and clinical variables. Results: A total of 709 (78.8%) truckers completed interviews and gross eye examination. The prevalence of any refractive errors in the worst eye was 45.8% (95% CI 42.1%–49.6%). The prevalence of presbyopia with or without distance vision was 33% (95% CI 29.6%–36.6%) and myopia with or without astigmatism was 10% (95% CI 7.9%–12.5%). Among those who were prescribed spectacles, 27.1% needed distance correction, 33.8% needed near correction, and 39.1% needed both, at least in one eye. Long-term spectacle compliance was at 54.7%. The predominant barriers for spectacle compliance were “did not collect” (63.9%), followed by “discomfort” (20.8%). Conclusion: The prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors was high among truckers. Long-term spectacles compliance was moderate. There is an urgent need for tailor-made targeted interventions to address the eye health needs of truckers in India.


How to cite this article:
Kumar S G, Jadhav A, Patel S, Vishwakarma P, Kundu S, Kurian E. Refractive errors and spectacle compliance among truckers in India.J NTR Univ Health Sci 2021;10:186-192


How to cite this URL:
Kumar S G, Jadhav A, Patel S, Vishwakarma P, Kundu S, Kurian E. Refractive errors and spectacle compliance among truckers in India. J NTR Univ Health Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2023 Jan 27 ];10:186-192
Available from: https://www.jdrntruhs.org/article.asp?issn=2277-8632;year=2021;volume=10;issue=3;spage=186;epage=192;aulast=Kumar;type=0